Botanik Einstieg

Botany

The scientists of the SMNS Botny Department actively contribute to recent issues of biodiversity research in the fields of biogeography, taxonomy, systematics, phylogenetics, evolutionary biology, and floristics. They apply a combination of modern methods like DNA-analysis and classical like morphology.

The floristic mapping of Baden-Württemberg has along tradition at the Museum. Back in 1977, Siegmund Seybold, then curator at the Botany Department, published a grid mapping of the flora of the Württemberg part of the state. A first completion of the mapping of Baden-Württemberg as a whole was presented between 1990 and 1998 with the edition of “Die Farn- und Blütenpflanzen Baden-Württembergs” (Ferns and Flowering Plants of Baden-Württemberg). Since 2008, a complete new mapping is carried out. The recent distribution maps may be consulted at www.flora.naturkundemuseum-bw.de.

In conjunction with the floristic mapping, a molecular study of several populations of Star of Bethlehem (Gagea), Mountain Alison (Alyssum montanum, together with Karel Marhold, Bratislava), Greater Yellow Rattle (Rhinanthus alectorolophus, with Thekla Pleines, Canberra, and Frank Blattner, Gatersleben, see publication Mike Thiv) was performed. A recent in cooperation with Marcus Koch (Heidelberg) and LUBW (Karlsruhe) treats Bromus grossus, a Central Europe endemic.

Further studies deal with certain taxonomic groups like Eryngoes (Eryngium) and rampions (Phyteuma). Biogeographic projects are concerned with spatial and temporal distribution patterns on the Canary Islands and on the Sokotra Archipelago in the Indian Ocean.

In the DFG-funded ABA-Gam project, the altitude zonation of ferns, mosses, and liverworts in Southern Ecuador is studied by means of genetic methods and in cooperation with Dietmar Quandt and Marcus Lehnert (Bonn).

The GBoL-project (German Barcode of Life) records the genetic diversity of mosses, ferns, and flowering plants of Germany in cooperation with the University of Bonn and the Botanic Garden and Botanic Museum Berlin-Dahlem. A reference data base will be published on the web (funded by BMBF).

In molecular genetic and morphological studies, several groups of thallose liverworts were examined. Aneuraceae are especially well suitable for the investigation of the function and development of the symbiosis with fungi.

The “Botanische Zirkel” is attached to the Botany Department. It offers summer excursions and lectures in winter for all interested persons. See Veranstaltungsprogramm for the dates.