Herbarium of ferns and flowering plants

This is the largest herbarium of ferns and flowering plants in the state of Baden-Württemberg and harbours the following important collections inter alia:

Württemberg: Erwin von Arand-Ackerfeld, Karl Bertsch, Ernst Bolter, Georg Wolfgang Brielmaier, Friedrich Hegelmaier, Wilhelm Kreh, Christian Maier, Adolf Mayer, Karl Müller, Julius Plankenhorn, Walter Plieninger, Evarist Rebholz, Heinrich Sautermeister, Karl Schlenker, Ernst Schüz, Oskar Sebald, Siegmund Seybold, Aarno Wörz and the „Landesherbar“ („Herbariums für vaterländische Naturkunde“ und „Herbarium der Centralstelle des landwirtschaftlichen Vereins“), Europe, France (Jean Prudhomme), Greece (August von Hayek, Theodor von Heldreich), Norway (Johann Gottlob von Kurr) and Spain (Friedrich Hegelmaier, Max Nydegger, Pietro Porta, Jean Prudhomme, Gregorio Rigo) Ethiopia (Oskar Sebald, Wilhelm Schimper), Australia (Ferdinand von Müller, Arno Wörz), Socotra (Mike Thiv), India (Joseph Dalton Hooker, Johann Friedrich Metz, Thomas Thomsom), Iran (Johannes Bornmüller, Theodor Kotschy, Jürgen Schedler), New Zealand (Thomas Kirk) and South Africa (Christian Friedrich Ecklon, Friedrich von Krauss, Carl Baron von Ludwig, Hans Joachim Schlieben, Rudolf Georg Strey et al.)      

An index of the most important collectors us given in Engelhardt & Seybold (2009): „Die Sammler von Farn- und Blütenpflanzen der Herbariums des Staatlichen Museums für Naturkunde in Stuttgart (STU)“

Recently, many valuable collections could be acquired: Jean Prudhomme (50,000 specimens), Hippolyte François Jaubert (50,000), Friedrich Schupp (10,000), Günter Gottschlich (Exsiccatae Liège), and dublicates and exsiccatae of Max Nydegger (6,000 via Günter Gottschlich). The ferns herbarium was extended by material collected by Marcus Lehnert in Ecuador and Papua New Guinea. Moreover, voucher specimens for floristic mapping (link) and research projects are deposited at STU. Furthermore, special fruit/seed and wood collections enrich our collections.

This collection is ordered alphabetically and substructured geographically. Since 2000 all newly acquired specimens are databased.

Barge, A. (in press): Das Herbarium von Oberlehrer Evarist Rebholz aus Tuttlingen. Jahreshefte der Gesellschaft für Naturkunde in Württemberg.

Engelhardt, M. und S. Seybold (2009): Die Sammler von Farn- und Blütenpflanzen der Herbariums des Staatlichen Museums für Naturkunde in Stuttgart (STU). Jahreshefte der Gesellschaft für Naturkunde in Württemberg 165/2, S. 5-162. Stuttgart. pdf zum download

Pleines, T. und M. Engelhardt (2006): Das Herbarium von Karl Schlenker. Jahreshefte der Gesellschaft für Naturkunde in Württemberg 162, S. 129-135. Stuttgart

Sebald, O. (1983): Alexander Wilhelm Martini (1702-1781), ein Begleiter J. G. Gmelins auf der Sibirien-Reise, und sein Herbarium. Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde Serie A (Biologie) 368. 24 S. Stuttgart. pdf zum download

Wörz, A., Oettler, G. & M. Engelhardt (2009): Georges Cuviers "Reise auf die Württembergische Alb" – ein zeit- und wissenschaftliches Dokument. Jahreshefte der Gesellschaft für Naturkunde in Württemberg 165/1: 301-336.

Wörz, A. (2007): The "Botanische Reiseverein" - A 19th century joint-stock company for the collecting of herbarium specimens. Huntia 13(2): 121-141.

Herbarium of mosses, horn- and liverworts

This part of the herbarium was founded by Georg von Martens (1788-1872). It consists of several old collections of which the oldest specimen dates back to 1791. The first floristic list of mosses in Württemberg written in 1862 was based on these collections. The following important collections were included: Friedrich Hegelmaier (9,000 specimens), Carl Albert Kemmler, Lorenz Herter, Karl Bertsch (9,000), Max Eggler, Fritz Koppe (40,000), Ruprecht Düll (23,000).
The geographic focus is on the state of Baden-Württemberg. Moreover, many specimens were collected in the Alps (Hegelmaier, Eggler, Koppe et al.), Germany (Koppe), Greece (Düll), Spain (Hegelmaier, Koppe), Cyprus, Madeira, Canaries (Koppe) and in the neotropics (Ecuador, Schäfer-Verwimp).

In 2008 the herbaria of Eckhart Walsemann (11,000) and Gerd Mechmershausen (6,000) were acquired. Large collections could be included in 2010: the herbaria of Renate Lübenau-Nestle (10,000), Wolfgang Frey (6,700) and Oskar Sebald (3,200). Recently, our collections could be completed by 12,000 specimens collected by Alfons Schäfer-Verwimp.

The geographic focus of the mosses, horn- and liverworts collections is on Baden-Württemberg. Several collections within Europe came from the Alps (Hegelmaier, Eggler, Koppe, Lübenau-Nestle, Nebel), northern Germany (Koppe, Walsemann, Mechmershausen), eastern Germany (Koppe), Greece (Düll, Nebel), Spain, in particular the Balearic islands (Hegelmaier, Koppe). Further focuses are on the Middle East including Cyprus (Koppe, Frey, Lübenau-Nestle, Frey), Madeira, the Canaries (Koppe, Schäfer-Verwimp) and North America (Düll). Several collections from the tropics, in special Ecuador (Schäfer-Verwimp, Preussing, Nebel) could be housed at STU.

Lichen Herbarium

Comprising about 85,000 specimens the Lichen herbarium is one of largest of its kind. It includes ca. 6,800 species with 430 type specimens. In the period of 1975 to 2001 it was curated by Volkmar Wirth who collected 35.000 specimens. He also acquired exsiccatae with 16,000 specimens: Gottfried Gärtner (Flora Wetterau, (1799-1802), L. Reichenbach & C. Schubert (1822-1826), A.Vezda (Czech Republic), F.Arnold (Frankonia), Wartmann & Schenk (Switzerland), Jack, Leiner & Stizenberger (Baden-Württemberg), Rabenhorst (Europe).

The oldest parts were formerly housed in the herbaria of F. Hegelmaier, F. Sautermeister and E. Schüz. Other important collections are: J. G. Kurr (via TH Stuttgart), K. Bertsch, M., Eggler, and R. Türk.

Most of the material was collected in Baden-Württemberg and served as data basis for Wirth’s "Flechtenflora" and "Die Flechten Baden-Württembergs". Other material came from Central Europe incl. Alps (Türk), Mediterranean (P.L. Nimis), and arid regions in South Africa and South America (Wirth).

Fungi Herbarium

This herbarium comprises ca. 100,000 specimens and has formerly been curated by Hans Haas. Major collections were made by H. Haas, M. Hallermeier, F.L. Sautermeister, A. Gminder and in particular by G. Krieglsteiner, whose entire collection is at STU. Our herbarium also houses collections of watercolours of fungi by T. Gottschik, H. Spaeth, E. Schaupp, H. Maser, O. Baral, A. Hahne and H. Haas, exsiccatae by P. Sydow, L. Fuckel, O. Jaap and W. Krieger and rust fungus collections by K. Müller, F.L. Sautermeister and K. Bertsch.

Algae Herbarium

It contains about 10,000 specimens with important material by Georg von Martens, Emil Schüz und G. H. von Zeller, the exsiccatae of „Algae marinae siccatae“ by Hohenacker and of European Characeae by H. und W. Krause.