Dr. Erin Maxwell

Fossil aquatic Vertebrates

2018 / In Press

Anderson, K.L., Druckenmiller, P.S., Erickson, G.M., and Maxwell, E.E. 2018. Skeletal microstructure of Stenopterygius quadriscissus (Reptilia: Ichthyosauria) from the Posidonienschiefer (Posidonia Shale, Lower Jurassic) of Germany. Palaeontology doi: 10.1111/pala.12408

Maxwell, E.E. and López-Arbarello, A. 2018. A new species of the deep-bodied actinopterygian Dapedium from the Middle Jurassic (Aalenian) of southwestern Germany. PeerJ 6:e5033.

Maxwell, E.E. 2018. Redescription of the ‘lost’ holotype of Suevoleviathan integer (Bronn, 1844) (Reptilia: Ichthyosauria). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 38:e1439833. 

Maxwell, E.E., Argyriou, T., Stockar, R., and Furrer, H. 2018. Re-evaluation of the ontogeny and reproductive biology of the Triassic fish Saurichthys (Actinopterygii: Saurichthyidae). Palaeontology 61: 559-574.

Pardo-Pérez, J. M., Kear, B.P., Gómez, M., Moroni, M., and Maxwell, E.E. 2018. Ichthyosaurian palaeopathology: evidence of injury and disease in fossil 'fish lizards'. Journal of Zoology 304: 21-33.

Pardo-Pérez, J. M., Kear, B.P., Mallison, H., Gómez, M., Moroni, M., and Maxwell, E.E. 2018. Pathological survey on Temnodontosaurus from the Early Jurassic of southern Germany. PLoS ONE 13: e0204951.


Fornaciari, B., Maxwell, E., Fornaciari, E., Papazzoni, C.A., and Zorzin, R. 2017. A new platypterygiine ichthyosaur rostrum from the Lower Cretaceous of the Lessini Mountains (Northern Italy). Cretaceous Research 71: 137–144.

Maxwell, E.E. and Martindale, R.C. 2017. New Saurorhynchus (Actinopterygii: Saurichthyidae) material from the Early Jurassic of Alberta, Canada. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 54: 714-719.

Maxwell, E.E., and Stumpf, S. 2017. Revision of Saurorhynchus (Actinopterygii, Saurichthyidae) from the Early Jurassic of England and Germany. European Journal of Taxonomy 321: 1-29.

Paparella, I., Maxwell, E.E., Cipriani, A., Roncacè, S., and Caldwell, M.W. 2017. The first ophthalmosaurid ichthyosaur from the Upper Jurassic of the Umbrian-Marchean Appenines (Marche, Central Italy). Geological Magazine 154: 837-858.

Vincent, P., Allemand, R., Taylor, P.D., Suan, G., and Maxwell, E.E. 2017. New insights on the systematics, palaeoecology and palaeobiology of a plesiosaurian with soft tissue preservation from the Toarcian of Holzmaden, Germany. The Science of Nature 104: 51.


Argyriou, T., Clauss, M., Maxwell, E.E., Furrer, H., and Sánchez-Villagra, M.R. 2016. Exceptional preservation reveals gastrointestinal anatomy and evolution in early actinopterygian fishes. Scientific Reports 6: 18758.

Dick, D.G., Schweigert, G., and Maxwell, E.E. 2016. Trophic niche ontogeny and palaeoecology of early Toarcian Stenopterygius (Reptilia: Ichthyosauria). Palaeontology 59(3): 423-431.

Frey, L., Maxwell, E.E. and Sánchez-Villagra, M.R. 2016. Intraspecific variation in fossil vertebrate populations: fossil killifishes (Actinopterygii: Cyprinodontiformes) from the Oligocene of Central Europe. Palaeontologia Electronica 19.2.14A: 1-27.

Kupfer, A., Maxwell, E., Reinhard, S., and Kuehnel, S. 2016. The evolution of parental investment in caecilian amphibians: a comparative approach. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 119(1): 4-14.

Maxwell, E.E. 2016. First Middle Jurassic record of Saurichthyidae (Actinopterygii). Paläontologische Zeitschrift 90(2): 287-291. 

Maxwell, E.E., Alexander, S., Bechly, G., Eck, K., Frey, E., Grimm, K., Kovar-Eder, J., Mayr, G., Micklich, N., Rasser, M., Roth-Nebelsick, A., Salvador, R.B., Schoch, R.R., Schweigert, G., Stinnesbeck, W., Wolf-Schwenninger, K., Ziegler, R. 2016. The Rauenberg fossil Lagerstätte (Baden-Württemberg, Germany): a window into early Oligocene marine and coastal ecosystems of Central Europe. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 463: 238–260.

Maxwell, E.E., Diependaal, H., Winkelhorst, H., Goris, G., and Klein, N. 2016. A new species of Saurichthys (Actinopterygii: Saurichthyidae) from the Middle Triassic of Winterswijk, The Netherlands. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Abh. 280(2): 119-134.

Maxwell, E.E., and Vincent, P. 2016. Effects of the early Toarcian Oceanic Anoxic Event on ichthyosaur body size and faunal composition in the Southwest German Basin. Paleobiology 42(1): 117-126.

Schweigert, G., Maxwell, E.E., and Dietl, G. 2016. First record of a true mortichnium produced by a fish. Ichnos 23(1-2): 71-76.

Maxwell, E.E., Dick, D., Padilla, S., and Parra, M.L. 2016. A new ophthalmosaurid ichthyosaur from the Early Cretaceous of Colombia. Papers in Palaeontology 2(1): 59-70.


Dick, D.G., and Maxwell, E.E. 2015. Ontogenetic tooth reduction in Stenopterygius quadriscissus (Reptilia: Ichthyosauria): negative allometry, changes in growth rate, and early senescence of the dental lamina. PLoS ONE 10(11): e0141904.

Dick, D.G., and Maxwell, E.E. 2015. The evolution and extinction of the ichthyosaurs from the perspective of quantitative ecospace modelling. Biology Letters 11: 20150339.

Carrillo-Briceño J.D., Maxwell E.E., Aguilera O.A., Sánchez R., Sánchez-Villagra M.R. 2015. Sawfishes and other elasmobranch assemblages from the Mio-Pliocene of the South Caribbean (Urumaco Sequence, Northwestern Venezuela). PLoS ONE 10: e0139230.

 Maxwell, E.E., Romano, C., Wu, F., and Furrer, H. 2015. Two new species of Saurichthys (Actinopterygii: Saurichthyidae) from the Middle Triassic of Monte San Giorgio, Switzerland, with implications for character evolution in the genus. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 173: 887-912.


Druckenmiller, P.S. and Maxwell, E.E. 2014. A Middle Jurassic (Bajocian) ophthalmosaurid (Reptilia: Ichthyosauria) from the Tuxedni Formation, Alaska and the early diversification of the clade. Geological Magazine 151:41-48.

Maxwell, E.E., Scheyer, T.S. and Fowler, D.A. 2014. An evolutionary and developmental perspective on the loss of regionalization in the limbs of derived ichthyosaurs. Geological Magazine 151:29-40.

Vavrek, M.J., Wilhelm, B.C., Maxwell, E.E., Larsson, H.C.E. 2014. Arctic plesiosaurs from the Lower Cretaceous of Melville Island, Nunavut, Canada. Cretaceous Research 50:273-281.


Maxwell, E.E. and Wilson, L.A.B. 2013. Regionalization of the axial skeleton in the 'ambush predator' guild – are there developmental rules underlying body shape evolution in ray-finned fishes? BMC Evolutionary Biology 13:265. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2148/13/265

Maxwell, E.E., Furrer, H., and Sánchez-Villagra, M.R. 2013. Exceptional fossil preservation demonstrates a new mode of axial skeleton elongation in early ray-finned fishes. Nature Communications 4:2570.

Kear, B.P. and Maxwell, E.E. 2013. Wiman’s forgotten plesiosaurs: the earliest recorded sauropterygian fossils from the High Arctic. GFF 135:95-103.

Maxwell, E.E. and Kear, B.P. 2013. Triassic ichthyopterygian assemblages of the Svalbard archipelago: a reassessment of taxonomy and distribution. GFF 135:85-94.

Maxwell, E.E. and Dececchi, T.A. 2013. Ontogeny and stratigraphy influence observed phenotypic integration in the limb skeleton of a fossil tetrapod. Paleobiology 39:123-134.

Motani, R., Ji, C., Tomita, T., Kelley, N., Maxwell, E., Jiang, D.-Y., and Sander, P.M. 2013. Absence of suction feeding ichthyosaurs and its implications for Triassic mesopelagic paleoecology. PLoS ONE 8:e66075. http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0066075