Leaves have many features that are influenced by environmental conditions. For example, the proportion of species with toothed leaf margins decreases with increasing mean annual temperature. Another important example is the increase in specific leaf mass (dry weight relative to leaf area) with increasing annual mean temperature and decreasing precipitation, which also correlates with leaf life span. Therefore, fossil leaves provide important information about the environmental conditions that prevailed during their lifetime. This information is obtained statistically and therefore requires larger amounts of data. To support the use of fossil foliage in research, the MORPHYLL database project aims to create an Internet resource which makes data sets on fossil leaf traits from the Paleogene to the Neogene available.
- Kunzmann, L., Moraweck, K., Müller, C., Schröder, I., Wappler, T., Grein, M., Roth-Nebelsick, A. (2019) A Paleogene leaf flora (Profen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Germany) and its potentials for palaeoecological and palaeoclimate reconstructions. Flora, 254,71-87.
- Roth-Nebelsick, A., Grein, M., Traiser, C., Kunzmann, L., Kvaček, Wypich, J., Kovar-Eder, J. (2021) Taxon-specific variability of leaf traits in three long-ranging fossil-species of the Paleogene and Neogene: Responses to climate? Palaeontologia Electronica, download: https://doi.org/10.26879/1114
- Traiser, C., Roth-Nebelsick, A., Grein, M., Kovar-Eder, J., Kunzmann, L., Moraweck, K., Lange, J., Kvaček, J., Neinhuis, C., Folie, A. (2018). MORPHYLL: A a database of fossil leaves and their morphological traits. Palaeontologia Electronica. 21(1), 1-17, download: https://palaeo-electronica.org/content/pdfs/773.pdf
- Roth-Nebelsick, A., Grein, M., Traiser, C., Moraweck, K., Kunzmann, L., Kovar-Eder, J., Kvaček, J., Stiller, S., Neinhuis, C. (2017) Functional leaf traits and leaf economics in the Paleogene — A case study for Central Europe. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 472, 1-14.
SMNS: Anita Roth-Nebelsick (project leader), Johanna Eder (taxonomic determination), Christopher Traiser (programming), Jörg Lange (server), Matthias Krause (sample preparation, image creation)
Senckenberg Natural History Collections Dresden: Lutz Kunzmann (taxonomic determination)